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GREEN DESIGN CONCEPTS

Concept Designs



WJM ARCHITECT is a member organization of the
U.S. Green Building Council.

William J. Martin, WJM Architect, is a certified
LEED AP-H Design Professional.



'U.S.G.B.C.' and related logo is a trademark owned by the U.S. Green Building Council and is used with permission.


















































































































































































































































































































Architect's note: -- I am interested in individual opinion, critique and comments. Please send comments to comments@wjmarchitect.com.


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Green design principles such as energy efficiency, water efficiency, proper insulation, window design, air and water sealing of walls and roof, recycling and proper use of space, and use of environmentally sensitive products and equipment are a part of every WJM project to the level desired by the client.

Below are 4 design concepts and 1 actual home which provide an example of how these design problems might be addressed. Even though these may appear unusual now, as the technology improves, costs will come down and public demand will create a strong desire to utilize these technologies in a socially responsible way. Society must strike an appropriate balance between concern for the environment and energy independence as well as protecting the aesthetics of our neighborhoods. There needs to be a harmonious balance between these important design goals.

These concept studies show a traditional architectural style with features incorporating wind turbine(s) and solar photo-voltaic panel(s).

Why can't wind turbines and solar panels be appropriately used by single family homeowners in suburban areas? Architects see the objections to noise and aesthetics as design problems to be solved.

WJM Architect's approach to achieving design goals, called Econo-Functional Aesthetic Balance or E-FAB, seeks to create this harmonious appropriate balance between important goals that seem to conflict.

The concepts presented here are not just designs for new homes but are also contemplated as alterations to existing homes.

It should be understood that the wind and solar characteristics of every site is different. Trees, geographic location, terrain and other buildings can effect the "pay back period" of cost effective power generation. This is presented in the hope that as science and engineering improve on the technical problems, that architects will be ready to make appropriate and acceptable use of this technology, possibly as shown here.

These are, of course, NOT the ONLY design solutions. The aesthetic blending of style and technology demands creativity and design requirements vary from client to client.

All design concepts copyrighted by William J. Martin, WJM Architect 2008 All rights reserved.

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#1

----This house concept utilizes a 20 foot diameter 2 foot high vertical axis wind turbine incorporated into a raised roof system. The roof design funnels wind into the turbine cavity. Vertical axis wind turbines have a lower profile than the propeller type. A shaft connects down through the house to the basement where the electrical generator is housed. This type of turbine will be exceptionally quiet since the electrical generator is in the basement. This design also utilizes photo-voltaic solar panels set on the roof to face the sun. One drawback of this design concept is vertical axis turbines are not as efficient as propeller type turbines. Drag is created as the back of the turbine blade rotates against the wind as it spins. Lower efficiency means a longer "pay back period".

Click here to download PDF file of WJM concept 1 drawing
(Broadband Only / est. download time 1 min. for DSL)

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#2

----Same concept as number 1 with twin 10 foot diameter vertical axis wind turbines incorporated into a raised roof system.

Click here to download PDF file of WJM concept 2 drawing
(Broadband Only / est. download time 1 min. for DSL)

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#3

----This house concept utilizes an 8 foot diameter propeller type wind turbine incorporated into a raised roof system. The open roof design allows wind to flow through to the turbine. The turbine pivots on the shaft to turn into the wind depending on wind direction. The shaft connects down through the house to the basement where the electrical generator is housed. This design concept can also accomodate a turbine / generator combination unit. Drawbacks of this design concept are propeller type turbines are more efficient at higher altitudes and the roof structure causes wind turbulance. A propeller driven turbine this low to the ground will have a longer "pay back period".

Click here to download PDF file of WJM concept 3 drawing
(Broadband Only / est. download time 1 min. for DSL)

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#4

--------This house concept utilizes a 20 foot diameter cone shaped darrieus type wind turbine incorporated as a roof design feature. A shaft connects down through the house to the basement where the electrical generator is housed. This type of turbine will also be exceptionally quiet since the electrical generator is in the basement. This design also utilizes photo-voltaic solar panels set on the roof to face the sun. In this design, the blade drag is reduced some due to the turbines conical shape.

Click here to download PDF file of WJM concept 4 drawing
(Broadband Only / est. download time 1 min. for DSL)

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#5

----CERTIFIED LEED PLATINUM 28 Cross Street, Hillsdale, New Jersey, USA.

First home in Bergen County, New Jersey and the first in a NJ suburb statewide to be certified LEED Platinum. The wind turbine was not incorporated into this design. The south facing roof mounted photo voltaic solar panels will provide over 5 kilowatts of power when conditions are optimal. Solar is used together with a closed loop well geothermal heating and cooling system. This home is one of the most energy efficient homes in the United States.
M O R E _ I N F O

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